Kaziranga National Park in Assam is a haven for wildlife. The grasslands, marshes, and forests are inhabited by elephants, tigers, bison, hornbills, and hundreds of other species, many of them endangered. Among them is the star of the park — the greater one-horned or Indian rhinoceros.
Rhinos are Kaziranga’s biggest conservation success story. The park is one of four protected areas in Assam where rhinos live and thrive.The other reserves in Assam where rhinos are found are Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary near Guwahati city, Orang National Park, and Manas National Park. Interestingly, Kaziranga, Pobitora, and Manas are connected by a chain of riverine islands in the Brahmaputra. This enables the animals to traverse from one forest to the other, resulting in greater genetic diversity.
Kaziranga’s vegetation consists of woodland, and short and tall grasses. Tall ‘elephant’ grass dominates the landscape. This swaying grass provides fodder for large herbivores, and camouflage for predators and smaller animals alike.